T'aekwondo originated from Korea and is currently the best known martial art in the world. It has even received official sanction as an international sport by being selected as a medal event in the 2000 Sydney Olympics Game. T'aekwondo is a whole-body sport that uses the arms and legs in particular for self-defense. It is also a means of cultivating one's own character through the training of both mind and body.
Ssirum is a form of Korean wrestling that has been popular since the Three Kingdoms Period (57B.C.-668A.D.). A ssirum match begins with two men grasping each other's sappa (waist cord) that is tied around their waist and leg. The one who throws the other to the ground or out of the ring wins the match. Ssirum is a sport that tests the strength and techniques of a wrestler. This requires patience and tenacity. Ssirum competitions are held every year. It is also a very popular spectator sport among both young and old men and women.
Subyockchigi was among one of the greatest examples of Korean's traditional art forms. It is based on Heaven, Earth, and Humankind. This martial art incorporates the dualism of yin and yang forces (positive and negative cosmic forces). Subyockchigi, meaning "clapping of hands", is said to link the movement of the hand to the brain. The movement exerts a positive effect on blood circulation and brain movement. The effect is only possible through the forces of yin and yang.
Taekyyon is a traditional martial art unique to Korea. It had originated approximately 2,000 years ago. A combination of techniques is used for the purpose of fighting. There is no formalized code of etiquette. Instead, it incorporates daily decorum with the aim of having a deeper appreciation for life and for building character. This is combined with the principles of attacking and defending oneself.
Paduk is a board game played by two people. Both will take turns at placing black and white stones on a padukp'an board. It has now become an international game.
Similar to chess, Changgi is played on a board with several pieces of wood or plastic called al. Chinese letters are inscribed to identify the position of each al. Chess players will recognize most of the pieces, but the elephant and cannon will be new. This is a game that will require strategy and tactics to defeat the opponent.
Kite flying is another traditional folk game. Bamboo sticks are placed on a ch'anghoji paper crossways and sewed down in order to make a square-shaped yon (kite). Kite flying is very popular, especially more so on traditional holidays or folk festival days. There are even kite flying championships held in many cities.
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