Macau is situated southeast of China, on the western bank of the
Pearl River Delta of Guangdong Province. It lies 70 kilometers southwest
of Hong Kong and 145 kilometers from Guangzhou.
Macau is officially a Chinese territory
under Portuguese administration. It has its own government structure,
which is endowed with political and legislative power and enshrined
in the Organic Statue of Macau.
Macau is derived from the name of a Chinese
goddess, known as A-Má or Ling Má, and is popular with seafarers
and fishermen. When Portuguese sailors landed and asked the name
of the place, the natives replied A-Ma-Gao (Bay of A Ma). In modern
usage, Amagao was shortened to Macau.
Population To date, the population of
Macau is approximately 450,000, of which 95% are Chinese nationals
and 5% Portuguese, Europeans, and other nationals.